Hummingbirds flock to this backyard retreat.
The Patons didn’t choose the bird life, the bird life chose the Patons. The events to follow culminated in what was once simply the couple’s Patagonia, Arizona, yard becoming their legacy—one which shall benefit birds and bird watchers indefinitely in its new life as the Tucson Audubon’s Paton Center for Hummingbirds.
When Wally and Marion Paton moved to Southeastern Arizona from New Hampshire, the former East Coasters brought along their passion for gardening. Defying the arid climate, they boldly planted roses, vegetable gardens, and fruit trees until their roomy lot on the banks of the stubbornly trickling Sonoita Creek became a green oasis
to rival any proper New England garden.
More diverse than their cultivated plantings, however, were the native plant and animal communities surrounding them. Patagonia rests at a somewhat lofty 4,058-foot elevation in the shadows of the Santa Rita and Patagonia mountain ranges. These mountains are known as Sky Islands. Rising from the flat, unrelentingly inhospitable surrounding deserts, the mountains create isolated areas of prime habitat providing homes and stopping points for many migrating birds and insects. Among the birds frequenting the area were a diverse population of hummingbirds. “My mother—who was more a flower gardener while my father was more about growing vegetables, pecans, and fruit trees—started planting bushes and plants that attracted hummingbirds,” says their daughter, Bonnie Paton Moon. “They were in their 50s when they moved. It took them decades to build up the yard, but mom said the more flowers she planted, the more birds showed up.”
They enjoyed the antics and beauty of the hummingbirds in particular, so they installed several feeders along the whitewashed cinder block back wall of their home. Before long they noticed more than just hummingbirds showing interest in the feeders. Bird watchers on their way to the adjacent Sonoita Creek Preserve were often lined up along their fence with binoculars fixed on the feeders.
“In the early ’90s, Art [Arthur] Morris, a famous bird photographer, heard a rumor birders were regularly spotting a very rare hummingbird, the violet-crowned, at the Paton’s feeders,” says Tina Hall, birder and Paton Center coordinator. He showed up to the house, took a bunch of photos and wrote a story called “Hummingbird Hosts” for Bird Watcher’s Digest. The Patons’ yard soon became a must-stop for birders visiting the region.
Lucky for those hoping to catch a glimpse of the famed and elusive violet-crowned, the Patons were the friendly sort. They invited those peering from a distance into their yard for a closer look at the iridescent acrobatics of the hummingbirds they themselves so loved to observe.
“They were getting ready to retire, so they had the idea to just open up their yard. Word spread through the birding community and, especially after the article, people started coming from all around the world. They put out a guest book, a tent and some chairs, a board for keeping track of what species were spotted, and a little bucket for donations to the ‘sugar fund’ to help fill the feeders,” Moon says. “They were simple people who loved gardening and birds and loved having people coming and going in the yard. It was a thrill for them.”
After Marion and Wally passed, Moon pursued avenues to keep her parents’ yard open to birds and birders alike. Eventually funds were secured from the American Bird Conservatory and Victor Emanuel Nature Tours to purchase the property. It was then transferred to Tucson Audubon Society for management. They’ve made some improvements, such as installing a permanent, handicap-accessible pavilion with benches for viewing the feeders still strung along the iconic white wall as well as adding feeders and planting more native plant species. Despite changes, those involved hope to maintain the backyard feel.
“There are a lot of places to go and bird, but at the Patons’, it’s a real intimate feeling. People who don’t know each other sit down and make friends. We call it the Paton Effect,” Hall says.
Hall, along with a dozen volunteer workers and docents, work diligently filling 27 feeders each morning and periodically throughout the day, weeding, planting, maintaining water features and interacting with guests. They get birders of all levels, allowing the docents to learn from some and pass along information to others. Their goals include education on feeding and creating habitat.
“We fill the feeders with a 1:4 ratio sugar water. Simply dissolve ¼-cup white table sugar in 1-cup water,” Hall says. She notes white table sugar is best and that molasses, brown sugar, or other sugars should not be used. She also warns not to add red dye to the liquid as it is unnecessary and can harm birds. “We’re planting more nectar-producing native plant species, such as sages, for the hummingbirds, which also, happily, attract butterflies.”
The former horse meadow, once overgrown by invasive weeds, has been planted to a wide variety of native flowering species, becoming an official Monarch Waystation. When birders tire of following the frantic movements of the darting hummingbirds, they can downshift to the more relaxing observation of the equally beautiful butterflies sedately floating their way about the acreage.
There are two large dry erase boards on the property, one with a list of the 231 bird species that have been seen on the property and one listing butterfly species. Volunteers update the boards indicating when, and how frequently, each species was last spotted. This helps guide visitors to what birds or butterflies they are most likely to encounter as they amble the winding trails and observe from the benches interspersing the 1.4-acre property.
It’s exciting for all involved when a guest spots a life bird. Hall explains most birders maintain a list of birds they see in their lifetime. The first time they spot a species on the list, the bird seen is called their life bird, as in it was the first time in their life they saw it. Hundreds, likely far more, have caught their first glimpse of a violet-crowned hummingbird, the rare bird that started the Paton fascination, during a visit.
Paul and Ruth Ann Kurtin of Rochester, Minnesota, were visiting the center for the first time in September. Relatively new to birding, they were excited to have seen a violet-crowned, and were clearly warming to their new hobby.
“Hummingbirds are attractive because they’re so territorial. They’re very acrobatic and tremendous fliers. It’s fun to watch them flit about the air and fight one another over nectar turf,” says Paul. Both enjoyed the tranquil, backyard feel the Paton Center continues to foster, and they struck up lively conversations with several volunteers on hand that day, including Kirk Stit, a visitor turned volunteer.
“I was a beginning birder in the early 1990s, a typical retirement birder taking it on later in life and really enjoying it,” says Stit, who volunteers every Tuesday. “The satisfaction we get here is helping other people enjoy it too, from those like me, to kids, to experienced birders. It’s always fun to introduce a life bird to someone.”
Hummingbirds are a “New World” species, found only in the Americas, so the Paton Center attracts birders from far and wide. “We’ve had visitors from 21 countries and all 50 states,” Hall says.
Moon takes great joy in looking through the guest book and seeing the diversity of visitors. “This gave my parents the opportunity to visit with the world and they loved it. It was about the hospitality, generosity, and warmth of two people.”